Friday, 21 June 2013

                   List of some common butterflies and their host plants 
Butterfly 
(Common Name) 
Host Plants
Common Name Scientific Name 
1     Southern Birdwing Eshwaramulla Aristolochia indica
  Karandavalli Aristolochia tagala
 Alpam Thottea siliquosa
2     Common Rose Eshwaramulla Aristolochia indica
 Aaduthodaapaala Aristolochia bracteolata
3     Crimson Rose Eshwaramulla Aristolochia indica
 Alpam Thottea siliquosa
4     Common Blue Bottle Aranamaram Polyalthia longifolia 
 Kulamaavu Persea macrantha
 Mulakunaari Alseodaphne semicarpifolia
 Karpooramaram Cinnamomum camphora
 Kaattuvazhana Cinnamomum malabathrum
 Karuva Cinnamomum macrocarpum
 Ellukootti Litsea chinensis 
 Kaanakaitha Miliusa tomentosa
5     Common Jay Aranamaram Polyalthia longifolia 
 Kaanakaitha Miliusa tomentosa
 Karuva Cinnamomum macrocarpum
 Kaattuvazhana Cinnamomum malabathrum
 Chembaka Michelia chempaca
6     Tailed Jay Aranamaram Polyalthia longifolia 
Narum paanal Uvaria narum
 Chembaka Michelia chempaca
 Manoranjini Artabotris hexapetalus 
 Cherunedunaar Polyalthia cerasoides 
 Aathachakka Annona reticulata
 Seethappazham Annona squamosa
 Vazhana Cinnamomum sp. 
7    Fivebar Swordtail Annona elegans 
 Annona lawii 
 Annona zeylanica
 Miliusa sp. 
 Uvaria sp. 
8    Common mime Karappa Cinnamomum zeylanicum
 Karpooramaram Cinnamomum camphora
 Karuva Cinnamomum macrocarpum Ellukootti Litsea chinensis 
 Kulamaavu Persea macrantha
 Mulakunaari Alseodaphne semicarpifolia
9   Lime Butterfly Koovalam Aegle marmelos 
 Paanal Glycosmis arborea
 Kariveppu Murraya koenigii
 Arootha Ruta graveolens 
 Varimaram Chloroxylon swietenia 
Naarakam Citrus sp.
10 Common Mormon Kaatunaarakam Atlantia racemosa
 Koovalam Aegle marmelos 
 Paanal Glycosmis arborea
 Kariveppu Murraya koenigii
 Mullilam Zanthoxylum rhetsa
Naarakam Citrus sp.
11 Blue Mormon Paanal Glycosmis arborea 
 Kaatunaarakam Atlantia racemosa
 Kaatunaarakam Atlantia wightii 
Naarakam Citrus sp.
12 Red Helen Mullilam Zanthoxylum rhetsa
 Kakkathudali Thoddalia asiatica
 Kaattu rubber / Kanala Evodia roxburghiana
 Cherunaarakam Citrus limon 
13 Malabar Banded 
Swallowtail 
Kaattu rubber / Kanala Evodia roxburghiana
 Vidukanali Acronychia pedunculata
14 Malabar Raven Paanal Glycosmis arborea
15 Paris Peacock Kaattu rubber / Kanala Evodia roxburghiana
 Kakkathudali Thoddalia asiatica
Naarakam Citrus sp.
16 Lemon / Common 
Emigrant 
Kovidaaram Bauhinia racemosa
 Plash / Chamatha Butea monosperma
 Kanikonna Cassia fistula
 Chakrathakara Cassia tora 
 Manjathakara Cassia siamea
 Aanathakara Cassia alata
17 Mottled Emigrant Kanikonna Cassia fistula 
 Chakrathakara Cassia tora 
 Aanathakara Cassia alata
 Ponnaveeram Cassia occidentalis 
 Aavarthaki Cassia auriculata
 Manjakonna Cassia siamea
Nanjinaar Gnidia glauca
 Akathi Sesbania grandiflora
 Mullakathi Sebania bispinosa 18 Common Grass Yellow Kanikonna Cassia fistula
 Chakrathakara Cassia tora 
 Aanathakara Cassia alata
 Vaaka Albizzia sp. 
 Kaattukazhanji Moulluva spicata
 Ponnaamthakara Cassia sophera
 Cherani Cassia mimosoides 
19 Common Jezebel Ithilkanni Dendrophthoe falcata 
 Helianthes elestica
 Scurrula parasitica
 Viscum sp. 
20 Psyche Aaryavela Cleome rutidosperma
 Manjavela Cleome viscosa
 Kareeram Capparis spinosa
 Karthotti Capparis zeylanica
Neermathalam Crateva adansonii 
21 Painted Sawtooth Kaarthotti Capparis zeylanica
22 Common Gull Kareeram Capparis spinosa
 Karthotti Capparis zeylanica
 Kaakkathondi Capparis sepiaria
 Kaattakathi Cadaba fruticosa
23 Lesser Gull Thottuvila Caparis moonii
 Capparis cleghornii 
24 Pioneer Kaattakathi Cadaba fruticosa
 Kareeram Capparis spinosa
 Kaakkathondi Capparis sepiaria
 Kaarthotti Capparis zeylanica
25 Plain Puffin Malambayin Drypetes oblongifolia
 Poothilanji Drypetes roxburghii 
26 Chocolate Albatross Neermathalam Crateva adansonii 
27 Common Albatross Malambayin Drypetes oblongifolia
 Poothilanji Drypetes roxburghii 
 Vellakkashavu Drypetes venusta
28 Plain Orange Tip Kaattakathi Cadaba fruticosa
29 Yellow Orange Tip Kaakkathondi Capparis sepiaria
 Kaarthotti Capparis zeylanica 
30 Common Wanderer Kaarthotti Capparis zeylanica
31 Great / Giant Orange 
Tip 
Thottuvila Caparis moonii
 Kareeram Capparis spinosa
 Kaakkathondi Capparis sepiaria
 Kaarthotti Capparis zeylanica
Neermathalam Crateva adansonii 
32 Southern Duffer Mula Bamboos
33 Common Evening 
Brown 
Grasses34 Common Palmfly Thengu Cocos nucifera
 Kavungu Areca catechu
 Kaattuthengu Arenga wightii
 Chooral Calamus rotang
 Eenthappana Phoenix sp. 
 Ornamental palms
35 Bamboo Tree Brown Bamboos
36 Common Bush Brown Grasses
37 Glad Eye Bush Brown Grasses
38 Tamil Catseye Eeta Ochlandra sp. 
39 Nigger Grasses
40 Common Four - Ring Grasses
41 White / Ceylon FourRing 
Grasses
42 Common Five- Ring Grasses
43 Common Nawab Manjaadi Adenanthera pavonina
 Chappangam Caesalpinia sappan
 Kazhanji Caesalpinia bonducella
 Karingaali Acacia catechu
Nenmeni vaaka Albizia lebbeck
 Vaaka Albizia julibrissin
 Inja Acacia pennata
44 Tawny Rajah Puli Tamarindus indicus 
 Kaanakaitha Miliusa tomentosa
45 Black Rajah Puli Tamarindus indicus 
 Kaattukazhanji Moullava spicata
46 Tawny Coster Passion fruit Passiflora edulis 
 Muthukku Adenia hondala
 Kaattupoovarash Hibiscus cannabinus 
 Poodappazham Passiflora foetida
47 Tamil Lacewing Passion fruit Passiflora edulis 
 Muthukku Adenia hondala
48 Cruiser Passion fruit Passiflora edulis 
 Muthukku Adenia hondala
49 Southern Rustic Vayankatha Flacourtia montana
 Karimulli Flacourtia indica
 Loovika Flacourtia sp. 
50 Common Leopard Karimulli Flacourtia indica
 Vayankatha Flacourtia montana
 Kariyilanji Smilax sp. 
51 Small Leopard Rinorea bengalensis 
52 Tamil Yeoman Marotti Hydnocarpus pentandra 
 Kaattumarotti Hydnocarpus alpina
53 Chestnut- Streaked 
Sailer 
Kaattukazhanji Moullava spicata
 Irul Xylia xylocarpa  Poovarash Thespesia populnea 
 Ungu Pongamia pinnata 
 Ilavu Bombax ceiba
54 Common Sailer Irul Xylia xylocarpa 
 Ilavu Bombax ceiba
 Idampiri valampiri Helicteres isora
Naaykurana Mucuna pruriens 
 Peenaari Nothapodytes nimmomiana
 Vanpayar Vigna cylindrical
 Kaattumathivaal Canavalia gladiata 
 Kizhangupayar Vigna ungulata
55 Common Lascar Inja Acacia instia 
 Vaaka Albizia odoratissima
56 Blackvein sergeant Malayilangi Chionanthes mala-elengi 
 Edana Olea dioica
57 Commander Kaattakathi Cadaba fruticosa
Neerkadambu Mitragyna parvifolia
 Vellila Mussaenda frondosa
 Kadambu / Aatuthekku Neolamarckia cadamba
 Aatuvanji Ochreinauclea missionis 
 Vellathaalachedi Wendlandia thyrsoidea
58 Clipper Muthukku Adenia hondala
 Chitamruthu Tinospora cordifolia 
59 Grey Count Pezhu Careya arborea
 Athiraani Melastoma malabathricum
60 Common Baron Maavu Mangifera indica
 Kashumaavu Anacardium occidentale 
61 Joker Vallichoriyanam Tragia plukentii 
62 Common Castor Aavanakku Ricinus communis 
 Kodithoova Tragia involucrate 
 Vallichoriyanam Tragia plukenetii
63 Angled Castor Aavanakku Ricinus communis 
 Kodithoova Tragia involucrate 
 Vallichoriyanam Tragia plukenetii
64 Yellow Pansy Vayalchulli Hygrophila auriculata
 Parvathichedi Barleria sp. 
65 Blue Pansy Vayalchulli Hygrophila auriculata
 Paaramullu Lepidagathis prostrata 
 Lepidagathis keralensis 
66 Lemon Pansy Chanam Corchorus capsularis 
 Vayalchulli Hygrophila auriculata 
 Kurunthotti Sida rhombifolia
 Kanjavu Cannavis sativa
 Parvathichedi Barleria sp. 
67 Peacock Pansy Vayalchulli Hygrophila auriculata
Nirthippali Phyla nodiflora  Parvathichedi Barleria sp. 
68 Grey Pansy Vayalchulli Hygrophila auriculata
 Parvathichedi Barleria sp. 
69 Chocolate Pansy Vayalchulli Hygrophila auriculata
 Karingurinji Carvia callosa 
70 Indian Red Admiral Aanaviratti / Angara Girardinia diversifolia 
 Kattanplavu Urtica sp.
71 Blue Admiral Kariyilanji Smilax sp. 
 Kaachil Dioscorea sp. 
72 Painted Lady Artemissia sp. 
 Blumea sp. 
73 Great Eggfly Kodithoova Laportea interrupta
 Uppucheera Portulaca oleracea
 Kurunthotti Sida rhombifolia
74 Danaid Eggfly Uppucheera Portulaca oleracea
 Ooram Abutilon sp. 
 Kaattuvenda Abelmoschus sp. 
75 Blue Oakleaf Karimkurinji Carvia callosa 
 Kurinji Strobilanthes callosus 
76 Common Map Aal Ficus sp.
77 Glassy Blue Tiger Erikku Calotropis gigantea
 Paalvalli Cryptolepis buchananii 
 Vallippaala Tylophora indica
Naagathumbi Ceropegia bulbosa
78 Blue Tiger Ponnarali Asclepias curassavica
 Erikku Calotropis gigantea
 Vallippaala Tylophora indica
 Vattakkakkakodi Wattakaka volubilis 
79 Dark Blue Tiger Vattakkakkakodi Wattakaka volubilis 
80 Plain Tiger Erikku Calotropis gigantea
 Ponnarali Asclepias curassavica
 Paalvalli Cryptolepis buchananii 
81 Striped Tiger Ponnarali Asclepias curassavica
82 Common Indian Crow Aal Ficus sp.
Nannaari / Naruneendi Hemidesmus indicus 
 Paalvalli Cryptolepis buchananii 
 Vallippaala Tylophora indica
 Ilanji Mimusops elengi
 Ponnarali Asclepias curassavica
 Arali Nerium odorum
 Paarakam Streblus asper
 Cheri Carissa carandas 
83 Malabar Tree Nymph Maalatheelatha Aganosma cymosa
84 Common Pierrot Ilantha Ziziphus mauritiana
 Vanthudali Ziziphus rugosa
 Kottamullu Ziziphus xylopyrus 85 Angled Pierrot Vanthudali Ziziphus rugosa
86 Blue Banded Pierrot Cheruthudali Ziziphus oenoplia 
 Kottamullu Ziziphus xylopyrus 
 Ilantha Ziziphus mauritiana
87 Dark Pierrot Ithikkanni Dendrophthoe fulcata
 Kottamullu Ziziphus xylopyrus 
88 Zebra Blue Nenmeni vaaka Albizia lebbeck
 Thumbakoduveli Plumbago zeylanica
 Amarichedi Indigofera sp. 
89 Bright Babul Blue Karivelam Acacia nilotica
 Chengaringali Acacia leucocephala
90 Common Hedge Blue Irul Xylia xylocarpa 
 Poovam Schleichera oleosa
91 Quaker Paanal Glycosmis arborea
92 Malayan Poovam Schleichera oleosa
 Kulappunna Hemigyrosa deficiens 
 Mukkannan pezhu Allophylus cobbe 
93 Pale Grass Blue Puliyaarila Oxalis corniculata
 Kozhinjil Tephrosia pauciflora
 Kurinji Strobilanthes sp. 
94 Dark Grass Blue Cherucheera Amaranthes viridis 
 Kaalakomban Zornia gibbosa
95 Lesser Grass Blue Ooshappayar Alysicarpus vaginalis 
 Mullakathi Sesbania bispinosa
96 Tiny Grass Blue Vayalchulli Hygrophila auriculata
 Konginipoo Lantana camera
97 Southern Grass Jewel Puliyaarila Oxalis corniculata
 Pattanippayar Pisum sativam
 Thaamara Lotus corniculatus 
98 Gram Blue Chamatha Butea monosperma
Naayvenga / Thermaram Ougeinia oojeinensis 
 Pattanippayar Pisum sativam
 Vanpayar Vigna cylindrical
 Mugampayar Vigna trilobata
99 Pea Blue Chamatha Butea monosperma
 Pattanippayar Pisum sativam
 Chinapayar Vigna sinensis 
 Kilukki Crotalaria sp. 
100 Common Cerulean Kunni Abrus precatorius 
 Chamatha Butea monosperma
 Ungu Pongamia pinnata 
 Ashokam Saraca asoca
 Kuruvilingam Trichilia connaroides 
 Irul Xylia xylocarpa 
 Elam Elettaria cardamomum
101 Dark Cerulean Chamatha Butea monosperma Ungu Pongamia pinnata 
 Kilukki Crotalaria sp. 
102 Red Pierrot Ilamulachi Kalanchoe pinnata
 Paaramashi Kalanchoe laciniata 
103 Manytailed Oakblue Pambarakumbil Trewia nudiflora
104 Common Acacia Blue Venkaringali Acacia polycantha 
105 Common Silverline Mukkannan pezhu Allophylus cobbe 
 Kaaramullu Canthium coromandelicum
 Ilantha Ziziphus mauritiana
 Puzhamulla Clerodendrome inerme 
 Kaattakathi Cadaba fruticosa
106 Yamfly Kaachil Dioscorea pentaphylla 
 Kariyilaanji Smilax sp. 
107 Plane Cherukurandi Salacia sp. 
108 Monkey puzzle Chethi Ixora coccinia 
109 Red Spot Poomaruthu Terminalia paniculata
 Kashumaavu Anacardium occidentale 
 Pera Psidium guava 
 Venga Pterocarpus marsupium
110 Slate Flash Aasharippuli Antidesma acidum
 Theyila Camelia sinensis 
Nakshathramulla Quisqualis indica
 Thudali Ziziphus sp. 
 Inja Acacia pennata
 Cheevaka Acacia tora
 Karinelli Antidesma ghaesembilla
111 Indian Sun Beam Kunni Abrus precatorius 
 Ungu Pongamia pinnata 
 Ponnamvalli Derris scandens 
112 Orange Tail Awl Vellakurandi Combretum latifolium
 Vaasanthi Hiptage madablota
113 White-Banded Awl Ponnamvalli Derris scandens 
 Ungu Pongamia pinnata 
114 Brown Awl Thaanni Terminalia bellerica
 Vellakkurandi Combretum latifolium
115 Common Spotted Flat Karimkurinji Carvia callosa 
 Odiyamadantha Ecbolium ligustrinum
Neelakanakaambaram Eranthemum roseum
116 Immaculated / Suffused 
Snow Flat 
Kaachil Dioscorea oppositifolia
117 Water Snow Flat Kaattukaachil Dioscorea oppositifolia
 Kaachil Dioscorea sp. 
118 Fulvous Pied Flat Kadalaadi Achyranthes aspera
119 Tricolour Pied Flat Irul Xylia xylocarpa 
 Kurangu manjal Mallotus philippensis 
 Kottakka Grewia nervosa120 Common Small Flat Murikoottippacha Asystasia sp. 
 Odivodukki Blepharis asperima 
121 Spotted Small Flat Murikoottippacha Asystasia sp. 
122 Indian Grizzled Skipper Kurunthotti Sida rhombifolia
 Hibiscus sp. 
123 African Marbled or 
Mallow Skipper 
Ooram / Vattoorakam Abutilon indicum
124 Bush Hopper Nellu Oryza sativa 
125 Chestnut Bob Grasses
126 Coon Kookkila Stachyphrynium spicatum
 Inji Zingiber officinalis 
127 Common Banded 
Demon 
 Curcuma sp. 
 Zingiber sp. 
128 Restricted Demon Channakkoova Costus speciosa
 Suganthi Hedychium coronarium
 Chengazhaneerkizhangu Kaempferia rotunda
 Kaatinji Zingiber montana
 Kaattumanjal Curcuma decipiens 
129 Grass Demon Kasthoorimanjal Curcuma aromatica
 Malamanjal C. Pseudomontana
 Kaattumanjal Curcuma decipiens 
 Suganthi Hedychium coronarium
 Inji Zingiber officinalis 
130 Indian Palm Bob Chooral Calamus sp. 
 Aanappana Caryota urens 
 Thengu Cocos nucifera
 Eenthu Phoenix acaulis 
131 Common Red Eye Mula Bambusa arundinacea
132 Giant Red Eye Chooral Calamus sp. 
 Aanappana Caryota urens 
 Thengu Cocos nucifera 
 Eenthu Phoenix acaulis 
 Ornamental palms
133 Rice Swift Thina Setaria glauca
 Aanapullu Cymbopogon sp. 
Nambeesan pullu Pennisetum sp. 
Nellu Oryza sativa 

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